On this date in history, September 24, 1789, Congress passed the Judiciary Act of 1789 establishing the U.S. Supreme Court to be composed of six judges who would serve on the court until death or retirement.
You might be surprised to know that the earliest court lacked its own home or any real prestige.
As many of you know, the court’s prestige increased significantly upon deciding the Marbury v. Madison case that is the cornerstone for constitutional law study.
If you’re wondering about the number of justices. Note, the size of the court increased as the nation grew geographically.
As for the court’s facilities, interestingly enough the court didn’t move into its current building until 1935.
Happy U.S. Supreme Court Day!